Indian Wedding Traditions, Rituals, Ceremonies

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Indian Wedding Traditions, Rituals, Ceremonies

Most Common Indian Pre-Wedding, Wedding And Post Wedding Traditions & Ceremonies

India is a unique country with vast cultural diversity among its Asian counterparts. Even the marriage customs followed in Hindu weddings all over the country differ or vary from each other. The post, as well as the pre-wedding rituals, stretches over a period of 5 to 7 days.

Working in the wedding field for so many years, we the leading wedding event company in Pune take pleasure in listing below the rituals that are normally followed in most of the Hindu wedding and the significance behind the practice of these rituals and what one who is not familiar with the Indian wedding can expect while attending such weddings.

Pre-Wedding Rituals

Shubh Muhurat or the Auspicious/Holy Time

Most Indian weddings take place at the Shubh Muhurat or the auspicious/holy moment or time as suggested or decided by Vedic astrologer’s time.

Mangle or Mangni (Engagement)

Mangni is nothing but the engagement ceremony or betrothal that takes place after the groom and bride give their final approval for the marriage along with their families. In the engagement ceremony, rings get exchanged between the bride and the groom followed by a sumptuous feast along with music and dance. Some families may prefer to have the engagement ceremony conducted just prior or at the time of marriage while others may conduct in grand manner days or months before the wedding.


The mehendi function is another grand ritual before the wedding in which the bride applies a paste of henna on her hands and legs. Not only the bride but even all other women in the family including friends get their hands and legs decorated with mehendi. The scientific reason behind applying Mehendi on the hands of the bride is to relieve the strain and stress of the marriage as Mehendi acts as a coolant. Moreover using genius and creative ways the mehendi artists try to hide the name of the groom while drawing mehendi designs on the palms of the bride which the groom has to find. Also, there is a belief that darker the colour of the mehendi, greater would be the love between the couple.


Another ritual followed in most Hindu weddings is the Haldi ceremony. In this ritual, a paste made of haldi and other ingredients is applied on the hands, legs and face of the bride and the groom by all the elderly relatives and friends assembled for the wedding. Haldi with its medicinal and antiseptic properties enhances the body colour and offers a special glow to the bride and the groom on their wedding

Wedding Rituals

Ganapati or Ganesh Puja

Ganesh Pooja in Indian Wedding - J & R Events

Lord Ganesha is the harbinger of peace and prosperity. Hence every Indian ritual including Indian wedding begins with Ganesh Puja wherein both the bride and the groom along with families either separately or jointly offer customary prayer to the God to remove obstacles and other evil entities thus enabling them to make the marriage event a grand success.


Barrat Celebration in Indian Wedding - J & R Events

Baraat is nothing but the arrival of the groom and his family members at the wedding venue. Usually, the groom wearing a turban, Kurta and pyjama arrives at the wedding venue riding a horse followed by his relatives and friends on foot along with music, dance, orchestra and band playing along. On their arrival at the wedding venue, the groom and his family members are welcomed by the Bride’s parents and relatives by applying Tikka (Vermillion) on their forehead and by taking

The entry of the Bride at the Wedding Spot

Bride Entry in Mandap Indian Wedding - J & R Events

The bride usually arrives at the wedding among the chants of slokas uttered by Vedic pundits. In certain Indian marriages, the maternal uncle of the bride carries and brings her into the marriage hall.

Emotional Moment of Kanyadaan

Kanyadan Ceremony in Indian Wedding - J & R Events

During the ritual of Kanyadaan, the girl’s father hands over the hand of the bride to the groom requesting him to safeguard and protect (His daughter) the bride throughout her life. The groom at the time of marriage is worshipped as an incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu by the girl’s parents and their own daughter as deity Lakshmi. The ritual of Kanyadaan is a very emotional moment for the girl’s family as it signifies severing ties with the bride and renouncing their entire claim on her.


Mangalashtak Ceremony in Indian Wedding - J & R Events

In the ritual of Mangalastak, the bride and the groom are made to chant eight shlokas (hymns) that bind them into the knot of the wedding. A white cloth is held between them. At the end of each Mangalashtak, coloured rice and flowers are thrown on the bride and the groom by the guests assembled at the wedding by way of blessing them. Once the ritual gets over, the veil between them gets removed and garlands get exchanged between the bride and the groom.

Application of Sindoor and Tying of Mangalsutra

Mangalsutra Ceremony in Indian Wedding - J & R Events

The bridegroom applies vermillion (Sindoor) on the forehead of the bride and ties Mangalsutra-a chain made of black beads with gold or diamond pendants amidst chanting of hymns in front of the sacred fire thus signifying the taking place of marriage between them.

Saatphere or Saptapadi-The Wedding Vows

Saatphere or Saptapadi-The Wedding Vows in Indian Wedding - J & R Events

Saatphere or Saptapadi is nothing but the seven vows or oath was taken by the couple in front of the fire god as their witness while beginning the journey of life together in which they promise to stay together in good as well as bad times.

  • Praying to God to give them plenty of nourishing and wholesome food by letting them to walk together.
  • To lead a healthy and prosperous life thus asking God to give them mental, physical and spiritual strength.
  • Asking God to give them enough wealth and strength to share the joy and sorrow together.
  • Requesting God to give them the right attitude to respect and love each other’s family.
  • To remain blessed with noble and virtuous children are what the couple ask for in the fifth round of wedding vows.
  • Peaceful long and blessed life with each other is what the couple ask from God in the sixth round.
  • In the last round, the couple asks God to grant them with the wishes of fostering true friendship, remaining loyal, united and mature to understand and overlook the fault in each other and stay as true companions for a lifetime.

Post-Wedding Rituals

Post wedding in Indian wedding - J & R Events

The Post wedding celebrations comprises of Reception, Jootachupai (a ritual in which the bride’s sister and cousins hide the groom’s shoes that get returned only after paying a token money known as Shagun), Bidaai (departure of the Bride from her parent’s house after taking their blessings),Griha Pravesh (Entry of the Bride into her new home) followed by Satyanarayana Pooja to enable the couple to make a new beginning.

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