Indian Wedding Traditions & Customs

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Indian Wedding Traditions & Customs

Marriages in India are considered holy & the wedding ceremonies have been retaining their sanctity even in the fast paced twenty first century. Indians attach great significance to marriages & their wedding ceremonies are colorful filled with various rituals & customs which vary among states, religious sects & caste.


Indian wedding rituals can be divided broadly into three categories namely pre wedding customs, main wedding ceremony & post wedding traditions. The priest does an in-depth analysis of horoscope of both bride & groom & identifies a date compatible with both horoscopes as the chosen date of the wedding. An auspicious date is selected to ensure a blissfully happy married life for the bride and groom.


The pre wedding rituals starts 2 days before the main wedding date with mehndi ceremony where the hands & feet of the bride are painted with herbal colors & a bachelor party for the bride and groom thrown separately by the elders of each family to commemorate their last day as singles.


The pre wedding ceremonies mainly focuses on the preparation of the wedding which includes selection of a venue, decoration of the place, gifts for the relatives & the couple, reception of guests, wedding menu and of course the solemnization of wedding vows in front of the Lord & a gamut of relatives & well wishers. A get together party is arranged a day before the wedding where guests from both brides’s & groom’s family is invited to get acquainted with each other. These events nowadays are mostly outsourced to professionals like J&R event management Company given absence of joint family & time constraints. J&R group is an event management group with specialized service in wedding planning & corporate event management having worked with renowned corporate groups.


The groom is welcomed by the mother-in-law at the wedding altar. He’s offered milk & honey after washing his feet as a ritual which is considered a good omen. A groom wears a turban decorated with flowers to protect him from evil spirits.


The bride, groom & the bride’s parents do not touch food before the wedding ritual is completed & the parents give away the bride to the groom as part of ‘kanyadaan’ process. Marriage according to hindu traditions, is a union of souls & the representation is done by tying the bride’s saree to the groom’s scarf. A mangal sutra is a cord of black beads with two gold pendants & tied in three knots around the bejeweled bride’s neck by the groom to symbolize the bonding of marriage for 100 years. A pooja or a vedic yajna is carried out by the Brahmin to invite blessings of deceased ancestors & the supreme Lord. No auspicious Hindu ceremony is complete without archana of Lord Narayana.


Saptapadi is the most significant ritual of hindu marriage where the couple completes7 circumambulation around the holy fire. They recite a sacred vow in each round. On completion of 7 vows, a wedding is solemnized. The bride is then accompanied by her brothers out of the wedding venue & she leaves for her husband’s home. The bride is welcomed by her mother in law at the entrance with a vessel of rice which is spilled by the bride by touching with her right foot. This act signifies wealth & responsibilities. Elder sister in laws make the couple play games of finding ring from among coins in milk & vermillion filled pot. Some ceremonies and traditional rituals are added & replaced basis their ruling deity of home, state & caste. The day ends with prayers to the Almighty for a healthy wealthy & blessed life.

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